What is Dysmenorrhoea?
Dysmenorrhoea (also known as painful menstrual cramps) is a medical condition characterised by painful menstrual periods. It is a common problem experienced by many women during their reproductive years, especially in the first few years after menarche (the onset of menstruation).
The symptoms of dysmenorrhoea include cramping pain in the lower abdomen, which may be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, fatigue, and headaches. The pain usually starts a day or two before the period begins and may last for several days.
There are two types of dysmenorrhoea: primary and secondary. Primary dysmenorrhoea is caused by the release of prostaglandins (hormones) during menstruation, which cause the uterus to contract and result in pain. Secondary dysmenorrhoea is caused by an underlying medical condition, such as endometriosis or uterine fibroids.
Treatment for dysmenorrhoea may include over-the-counter pain relievers (such as ibuprofen or naproxen), hormonal contraceptives (such as birth control pills or the IUD), or in severe cases, surgery. Lifestyle changes, such as regular exercise, a healthy diet, and stress reduction techniques, may also help to alleviate the symptoms of dysmenorrhoea.
Join one of our sexual health programs at Hera Family Care for more information and if you are a teenager you can attend for free!